MDE-LIO does not endorse the purchase or use of any non-State Board of Education-adopted commercial products. Products and services noted below are included for information only and their inclusion should not be interpreted as a recommendation of MDE-LIO.
AAPOS provides overviews for various eye terms and conditions, resources, answers to frequently asked questions, and more.
Convergence Insufficiency is a near-vision problem that affects 10 to 15 percent of the U.S. population. As with other visual diagnoses, a diagnosis of Convergence Insufficiency in and of itself does not guarantee that a child will meet the criteria under the Michigan Administrative Rules for Special Education for visual impairment, R 340.1708.
Teaching Students With Visual Impairments provides an overview of convergence insufficiency and how it affects children.
The Optometrists Network provides an overview of convergence insufficiency, answers to frequently asked questions, and a list of resources on convergence insufficiency.
Professional Development and Personnel Information
This MDE-LIO tool guides supervisors and administrators as they evaluate educators in the fields of Deaf/Hard of Hearing (DHH), BVI, and orientation and mobility (O&M).
DeafBlind Advocacy and Information
DB Central is an outreach program for the DeafBlind community. DB Central is run by the College of Humanities and Social and Behavioral Sciences of Central Michigan University.
Funding is available via MDE-LIO for eligible district programs for students who are DeafBlind. Scholarships are also available for eligible DeafBlind students who wish to attend events and programs.