The American Printing House for the Blind (APH) provides materials for individuals who are Blind or Visually Impaired (BVI). The Federal Quota Program provides funds for participating states and agencies to purchase educational materials from APH.

Congress appropriates the funds through the Act to Promote the Education of the Blind. APH and its Ex Officio Trustees manage the funds. Roxanne Balfour serves as the Ex Officio Trustee for Michigan.

Federal Quota Census

Funds are allocated annually based on student information collected through the Federal Quota census.

To release the funds, specific information for each eligible child is gathered and reported. Each year, school districts help MDE-LIO collect, compile, and submit this information to APH.

All of the information reported is confidential under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). The information is not shared outside the census process for any reason, unless permitted by state or federal law.

How Information is Collected and Reported

Teachers of students who are BVI compile the information requested by the census. The teachers then work with a regional representative who reports the data to the state’s Ex Officio Trustee to submit to APH. The trustee is responsible for securely submitting accurate student information.

Consent Requirement

The Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) requires parent/guardian consent for MDE-LIO to release personally identifiable information to APH. This helps inform parents of the process. Parents and guardians may decline to consent; however, this means that APH funds will not be available to the school district for the student. The consent form only needs to be completed once per student; parents and guardians do not provide consent annually.


For questions about the Federal Quota Program, please email Roxanne Balfour at