Students who are preparing to transition to the workforce need to gain awareness of their unique hearing and communication needs and learn how to manage those needs. Self-determination and self-advocacy skills help prepare youth for this transition.

This area of the expanded core curriculum includes:

  • Self-Determination Skills
  • Community Advocacy
  • Community Resources and Supports
  • Cultural Awareness
  • Using Interpreters and Transliterators

(Source: The Expanded Core Curriculum For Students Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing)


MDE-LIO does not endorse the purchase or use of any non-State Board of Education-adopted commercial products. Products and services noted below are included for information only and their inclusion should not be interpreted as a recommendation of MDE-LIO.

Hands & Voices: Self-Advocacy for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students
This section of the Hands & Voices website discusses and defines self-advocacy. Additional resources and links relating to self-advocacy are also provided.

Map It Teacher Curriculum
The Map It curriculum provides lesson plans, materials, and resources that help educators and professionals actively engage and guide students as they develop self-determination and self-advocacy skills.

Supporting Success for Children With Hearing Loss: Self-Advocacy Apps!
Supporting Success for Children With Hearing Loss offers a list of useful apps for parents and professionals. The apps serve as convenient, brain-based, and motivational learning strategies for students who have hearing loss.

Classroom Interpreting Student Guide
This guide from Gallaudet University helps students who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing to understand their rights regarding educational interpreters. To receive the guide, fill out a quick survey and the guide will be emailed to you.