Orientation and Mobility


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Students learn skills for orientation and mobility (O&M) to help them become aware of their surroundings and have the ability to move around independently.

MDE-LIO O&M Resources

The Administrator Crosswalk for Evaluating Low Incidence Service Providers [PDF]

This MDE-LIO tool guides supervisors and administrators as they evaluate educators in the fields of Deaf/Hard of Hearing (DHH), blind/visually impaired (BVI), and O&M.

O&M Goal Bank and Assessment [PDF]

This document provides appropriate O&M goals for use in a student’s individualized education program (IEP). It also includes tables for tracking progress on each goal.

O&M Severity Rating Scales

The severity rating scales support consistency in determining service delivery times for students who are blind or visually impaired. Use the scales to establish how often a particular service should be delivered to a student.

Orientation and Mobility SRS [PDF]

Use the SRS+ when services are delivered to students with additional needs.

Orientation and Mobility SRS+ [PDF]

O&M Resources

MDE-LIO does not endorse the purchase or use of any non-State Board of Education-adopted commercial products. Products and services noted below are included for information only and their inclusion should not be interpreted as a recommendation of MDE-LIO.

Assessment and Instructional Tools

TAPS – An Orientation & Mobility Curriculum for Students with Visual Impairments, 3rd Edition

This section of the Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI) website provides an O&M curriculum for students with a visual impairment.

TSBVI Orientation and Mobility: Preschool Style

This section of the TSBVI website provides O&M activities for pre-school students with a visual impairment.

TSBVI Inventory of Purposeful Movement Behaviors [PDF]

This document provides a checklist of expected skills and abilities of children from birth to six years old. The document can be used to track the child’s abilities.

New Mexico School for the Blind & Visually Impaired (NMSBVI) O&M Inventory

The NMSBVI’s O&M Inventory allows O&M specialists to quantify and track student progress within specific areas.

O&M Assessment: Early Years of Birth Through Three Years [PDF]

This document provides a checklist of expected skills and abilities of children from birth to three years old. The document can be used to track the child's abilities.

Professional Development

The Academy for Certification of Vision Rehabilitation and Education (ACVREP)

The ACVREP provides certifications that ensure quality O&M specialists work with students with a visual impairment. This web page includes directions for becoming a Certified Orientation and Mobility Specialist (COMS).

The MDE, OSE requires ACVREP certification for all Michigan O&M specialists. The OSE issued a memo about ACVREP certification on January 13, 2016.

Association for Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired (AER) Orientation and Mobility Division (Division 9)

The Orientation and Mobility Division (Division 9) of AER promotes professional standards and improvement of O&M practices and services. Division 9 offers professional development opportunities, encourages quality university preparation of O&M specialists, and works to improve and expand O&M services for individuals with a visual impairment.

Orientation and Mobility Instructors: Resources From the American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)

The AFB provides professional development and resources for O&M specialists, including books, articles, and online courses.

Web Resources

Perkins Scout Overview of Orientation and Mobility

Scout compiles online resources on all aspects of visual impairments and blindness and is maintained by the Perkins School for the Blind. Scout’s Overview for O&M provides links to general information about O&M. The web page also has specific categories that feature more web resources.

TSBVI Orientation and Mobility Instructional Resources

This section of the TSBVI website compiles a list of resources for O&M, including various instructional resources.

Perkins O&M Pinterest Page

Perkins maintains an O&M Pinterest page with a variety of ideas and resources for helping individuals with a visual impairment.

Orientation and Mobility – CVI American Printing House for the Blind (APH)

This section of the APH website is dedicated to resources for Cortical Visual Impairment (CVI). The O&M web page includes instructional resources for teaching students with CVI.

Early Childhood

Perkins WonderBaby.org – Orientation and Mobility for Babies

The O&M web page on wonderbaby.org explains the importance of O&M with infants and toddlers, and provides different activities to use.

Blind Children’s Center Publications

The Blind Children’s Center offers books and videos that teach parents various interventions for children with a visual impairment.

Screening Tools

Individual Sensory Learning Profile [PDF]

O&M specialists can use this document as a guide for screening infants.

FIT Vision Screening Tool – Early Childhood Programs

The NMSBVI’s Family Infant Toddler Program provides a vision screening tool that O&M specialists can use as a guide for screening children from birth to age three.